China's Industrial Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction Achieving Substantial Results Still Challenges


During the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" period (2006-2010), China took industrial energy conservation, consumption reduction, emission reduction and pollution control as an important measure to adjust the industrial structure and transform the development mode, and promoted industrial energy conservation to continuously achieve substantial results. At the same time, China's industrial energy conservation and emission reduction are still facing severe challenges.

Data show that in the first four years of China's Eleventh five-year Plan (2006-2009), energy consumption per unit of industrial added value above scale decreased by 20.76, saving 0.53 billion tons of standard coal; in the first three quarters of this year, energy consumption per unit of industrial added value in China fell by 4.57 compared with the same period last year, of which energy consumption per unit of industrial added value fell by 10.37 per cent in the third quarter.

During the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" period, China eliminated a total of 0.11 billion tons of low-energy ironmaking capacity, 68.63 million tons of steelmaking capacity, 0.1 billion tons of coke capacity, 0.33 billion tons of cement capacity, and 9.98 million tons of paper production capacity. At the same time, strictly control the "two high" and overcapacity industry new projects. Beginning in May this year, China's industrial sector began to stop the approval, approval, and filing of the "two highs" and overcapacity industry expansion projects.

China has successively formulated energy efficiency benchmarking indicators for 13 products (processes) in key energy-using industries such as iron and steel, non-ferrous metals, building materials and chemicals, carried out activities to benchmark the energy efficiency level of key energy-using industries, and promoted advanced experience and advanced technologies in energy conservation and emission reduction in the industry.

At the same time, the implementation of energy consumption quota standards is subject to strict special supervision. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China requires local governments to immediately stop production and transform enterprises that do not meet the standards, and enterprises that have no hope of transformation or are still unable to meet the standards after transformation should be included in the elimination list. For backward high-energy-consuming electromechanical equipment that is still in use and prohibited by the state, it is required to replace it within a time limit.

China has also arranged a huge amount of special funds for technological transformation of energy conservation and consumption reduction, and actively promoted the saving of wood instead of wood and water resources, carried out the pilot project of packaging instead of wood and strengthening recycling, and set the guiding index of water withdrawal per unit of 20 categories of products in the three industries of iron and steel, textile and paper.

Policy documents such as "Special Plan for Comprehensive Utilization of Metal Tailings", "Catalogue of Advanced and Applicable Technologies for Comprehensive Utilization of Metal Tailings" and "Guiding Opinions on Comprehensive Utilization of Red Mud" jointly issued by multiple departments have accelerated the promotion and application of advanced and applicable technologies for comprehensive utilization of solid wastes such as metal tailings and red mud (solid waste in the process of producing alumina). The construction of "ten demonstration bases for comprehensive utilization of bulk industrial solid waste" is also advancing rapidly. In addition, the pollution control of electronic information products and the recycling of waste products have been strengthened day by day, and the comprehensive utilization technology of waste electronic and electrical products has been industrialized.

At the same time, China pays attention to the implementation of industrial circular economy, and the system of cleaner production laws and policies has been continuously improved. 115 advanced cleaner production technologies in 17 key industries, including polyvinyl chloride, steel, soda ash, nitrogen fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, sulfuric acid, electrolytic manganese, textile dyeing and finishing, have been promoted nationwide.

However, China's industrial energy conservation and emission reduction are still facing severe challenges: the phenomenon that industrial growth mainly depends on the consumption of material resources is still common, and the resource and environmental costs of development are too high; high energy-consuming industries still maintain rapid growth, and industrial development is facing resources Constraints are further increased; developed countries vigorously advocate low-carbon economy and green economy, and promote energy-saving and environmental protection technical standards, trade barriers and guidelines such as carbon trading and carbon tariffs, there is a huge pressure on China; the waste of waste heat and pressure in China's industrial production process is huge, the level of energy conversion and utilization technology is backward, the environmental pollution is serious, and the research and guidance of energy conservation and scientific energy use is weak. This is also the main problem of China's industrial energy use.

"China must strengthen energy conservation, consumption reduction, emission reduction and pollution control, build resource-saving and environment-friendly industries, form a low-consumption, recyclable, low-emission, and sustainable industrial structure and production methods, and promote industrial conservation, clean development, and safety. Develop and achieve sustainable development." Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Minister Li Yizhong said.

According to Li Yizhong, China will accelerate the establishment of a long-term mechanism for industrial energy conservation and emission reduction, regard energy consumption per unit of industrial added value as a key indicator to measure the transformation of industrial development mode, and regard resource conservation and environmental friendliness as important guiding principles for the preparation of industrial development plans.

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China's Industrial Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction Achieving Substantial Results Still Challenges

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